티스토리 뷰

개발/Linux

tar compress/decompress

Jaeyeon Baek 2011.08.08 08:02

decompress
확장자 : .tar (묶음 개념)

tar xvf <파일명>


확장자 : .tgz ||  .tar.gz (묶음이 압축되어 있는 개념)

tar xvfz <파일명>

(tar의 버전에 따라서 z옵션이 f보다 앞에 있어야 인식하는 경우도 있습니다.)
x : extract

v : verbose

f : file

z: gzip

◈ compress
확장자 : .tar (묶음 개념)

tar cvf <파일명.tar> <압축할 폴더명>


확장자 : .tgz || .tar.gz (묶음어서 압축하는 개념)

tar cvfz <파일명.tar.gz> <압축할 폴더명>
tar cvfz <파일명.tgz> <압축할 폴더명>


c : create

v : verbose

f : file

z: gzip

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 


MAN tar 

NAME


       tar - The GNU version of the tar archiving utility

SYNOPSIS


       tar <operation> [options]

       Operations:
       [-]A --catenate --concatenate
       [-]c --create
       [-]d --diff --compare
       [-]r --append
       [-]t --list
       [-]u --update
       [-]x --extract --get
       --delete

       Common Options:
       -C, --directory DIR
       -f, --file F
       -j, --bzip2
       -p, --preserve-permissions
       -v, --verbose
       -z, --gzip

       All Options:
       [  --atime-preserve  ]  [  -b, --blocking-factor N ] [ -B, --read-full-
       records ] [ --backup BACKUP-TYPE ] [ --block-compress ] [ -C,  --direc-
       tory DIR ] [ --check-links ] [ --checkpoint ] [ -f, --file [HOSTNAME:]F
       ] [ -F, --info-script F --new-volume-script F ] [ --force-local   ]  [
       --format FORMAT ] [ -g, --listed-incremental F ] [ -G, --incremental ]
       [ --group GROUP ] [ -h, --dereference ] [ --help ] [ -i, --ignore-zeros
       ]  [  --ignore-case  ] [ --ignore-failed-read ] [ --index-file FILE ] [
       -j, --bzip2 ] [ -k, --keep-old-files ] [ -K,  --starting-file  F  ]  [
       --keep-newer-files  ] [ -l, --one-file-system ] [ -L, --tape-length N ]
       [ -m, --touch, --modification-time ] [ -M, --multi-volume  ]  [ --mode
       PERMISSIONS  ]  [ -N, --after-date DATE, --newer DATE ] [ --newer-mtime
       DATE ] [ --no-anchored ] [ --no-ignore-case  ]  [  --no-recursion  ]  [
       --no-same-permissions ] [ --no-wildcards ] [ --no-wildcards-match-slash
       ] [ --null     ] [ --numeric-owner ] [ -o,  --old-archive,  --portabil-
       ity,  --no-same-owner ] [ -O, --to-stdout ] [ --occurrence[=NUMBER] ] [
       --overwrite ] [ --overwrite-dir ] [ --owner USER ] [ -p, --same-permis-
       sions, --preserve-permissions ] [ -P, --absolute-names ] [ --pax-option
       KEYWORD-LIST ] [ --posix ] [ --preserve ] [ --acls ] [  --selinux  ]  [
       --xattrs ]  [  --no-acls  ]  [ --no-selinux  ] [ --no-xattrs ] [ -R,
       --block-number ] [ --record-size SIZE ] [ --recursion ] [  --recursive-
       unlink ] [ --remove-files ] [ --rmt-command CMD ] [ --rsh-command CMD ]
       [ -s, --same-order, --preserve-order ] [ -S, --sparse ] [  --same-owner
       ] [ --show-defaults ] [ --show-omitted-dirs ] [ --strip-components NUM-
       BER, --strip-path NUMBER (1) ] [ --suffix SUFFIX ] [ -T, --files-from F
       ] [ --totals   ] [ -U, --unlink-first ] [ --use-compress-program PROG ]
       [ --utc ] [ -v, --verbose ] [ -V, --label  NAME ]  [  --version   ]  [
       --volno-file F ] [ -w, --interactive, --confirmation ] [ -W, --verify ]
       [ --wildcards ] [ --wildcards-match-slash ] [ --exclude PATTERN ] [ -X,
       --exclude-from  FILE  ] [ -Z, --compress, --uncompress ] [ -z, --gzip,
       --gunzip, --ungzip ] [ -[0-7][lmh] ]

       (1) tar-1.14 uses --strip-path, tar-1.14.90+ uses --strip-components

DESCRIPTION


       This manual page documents the GNU version of tar, an archiving program
       designed to  store  and extract files from an archive file known as a
       tarfile. A tarfile may be made on a tape drive, however,  it  is  also
       common  to write a tarfile to a normal file.  The first argument to tar
       must be one of the options Acdrtux, followed by any optional functions.
       The  final  arguments  to tar are the names of the files or directories
       which should be archived.  The use of a directory name  always  implies
       that the subdirectories below should be included in the archive.

EXAMPLES


       tar -xvf foo.tar
      verbosely extract foo.tar

       tar -xzf foo.tar.gz
      extract gzipped foo.tar.gz

       tar -cjf foo.tar.bz2 bar/
      create   bzipped tar  archive  of  the directory  bar called
      foo.tar.bz2

       tar -xjf foo.tar.bz2 -C bar/
      extract bzipped foo.tar.bz2 after changing directory to bar

       tar -xzf foo.tar.gz blah.txt
      extract the file blah.txt from foo.tar.gz

FUNCTION LETTERS


       One of the following options must be used:

       -A, --catenate, --concatenate
      append tar files to an archive

       -c, --create
      create a new archive

       -d, --diff, --compare
      find differences between archive and file system

       -r, --append
      append files to the end of an archive

       -t, --list
      list the contents of an archive

       -u, --update
      only append files that are newer than the existing in archive

       -x, --extract, --get
      extract files from an archive

       --delete
      delete from the archive (not for use on mag tapes!)

COMMON OPTIONS


       -C, --directory DIR
      change to directory DIR

       -f, --file [HOSTNAME:]F
      use archive file or device F (default "-", meaning stdin/stdout)

       -j, --bzip2
      filter archive through bzip2, use to decompress .bz2 files

       -p, --preserve-permissions
      extract all protection information

       -v, --verbose
      verbosely list files processed

       -z, --gzip, --ungzip
      filter the archive through gzip

ALL OPTIONS


       --atime-preserve
      don't change access times on dumped files

       -b, --blocking-factor N
      block size of Nx512 bytes (default N=20)

       -B, --read-full-blocks
      reblock as we read (for reading 4.2BSD pipes)

       --backup BACKUP-TYPE
      backup  files  instead of deleting them using BACKUP-TYPE simple
      or numbered

       --block-compress
      block the output of compression program for tapes

       -C, --directory DIR
      change to directory DIR

       --check-links
      warn if number of hard links to the file on the filesystem  mis-
      match the number of links recorded in the archive

       --checkpoint
      print directory names while reading the archive

       -f, --file [HOSTNAME:]F
      use archive file or device F (default "-", meaning stdin/stdout)

       -F, --info-script F --new-volume-script F
      run script at end of each tape (implies --multi-volume)

       --force-local
      archive file is local even if has a colon

       --format FORMAT
      selects output archive format
      v7 - Unix V7
      oldgnu - GNU tar <=1.12
      gnu - GNU tar 1.13
      ustar - POSIX.1-1988
      posix - POSIX.1-2001

       -g, --listed-incremental F
      create/list/extract new GNU-format incremental backup

       -G, --incremental
      create/list/extract old GNU-format incremental backup

       -h, --dereference
      don't dump symlinks; dump the files they point to

       --help like this manpage, but not as cool

       -i, --ignore-zeros
      ignore blocks of zeros in archive (normally mean EOF)

       --ignore-case
      ignore case when excluding files

       --ignore-failed-read
      don't exit with non-zero status on unreadable files

       --index-file FILE
      send verbose output to FILE instead of stdout

       -j, --bzip2
      filter archive through bzip2, use to decompress .bz2 files

       -k, --keep-old-files
      keep existing files; don't overwrite them from archive

       -K, --starting-file F
      begin at file F in the archive

       --keep-newer-files
      do not overwrite files which are newer than the archive

       -l, --one-file-system
      stay in local file system when creating an archive

       -L, --tape-length N
      change tapes after writing N*1024 bytes

       -m, --touch, --modification-time
      don't extract file modified time

       -M, --multi-volume
      create/list/extract multi-volume archive

       --mode PERMISSIONS
      apply PERMISSIONS while adding files (see chmod(1))

       -N, --after-date DATE, --newer DATE
      only store files newer than DATE

       --newer-mtime DATE
      like --newer, but with a DATE

       --no-anchored
      match any subsequenceof the name's components with --exclude

       --no-ignore-case
      use case-sensitive matching with --exclude

       --no-recursion
      don't recurse into directories

       --no-same-permissions
      apply user's umask when extracting  files instead  of  recorded
      permissions

       --no-wildcards
      don't use wildcards with --exclude

       --no-wildcards-match-slash
      wildcards do not match slashes (/) with --exclude

       --null --files-from reads null-terminated names, disable --directory

       --numeric-owner
      always use numbers for user/group names

       -o, --old-archive, --portability
      like  --format=v7;  -o  exhibits this behavior when creating an
      archive (deprecated behavior)

       -o, --no-same-owner
      do not attempt to restore ownership when extracting; -o exhibits
      this behavior when extracting an archive

       -O, --to-stdout
      extract files to standard output

       --occurrence[=NUMBER]
      process  only  the  NUMBERth  occurrence of  each  file in the
      archive; this option is valid only in conjunction with  one  of
      the subcommands --delete, --diff, --extract or --list and when a
      list of files is given either on the command line or via the  -T
      option; NUMBER defaults to 1

       --overwrite
      overwrite existing files and directory metadata when extracting

       --overwrite-dir
      overwrite directory metadata when extracting

       --owner USER
      change owner of extraced files to USER

       -p, --same-permissions, --preserve-permissions
      extract all protection information

       -P, --absolute-names
      don't strip leading '/'s from file names

       --pax-option KEYWORD-LIST
      used  only with POSIX.1-2001 archives to modify the way tar han-
      dles extended header keywords

       --posix
      like --format=posix

       --preserve
      like --preserve-permissions --same-order

       --acls this option causes tar to store each file's ACLs in the archive.

       --selinux
      this  option  causes  tar to store each file's SELinux security
      context information in the archive.

       --xattrs
      this option causes tar to store each file's extended  attributes
      in  the archive. This option also enables --acls and--selinux if
      they haven't been set already, due to the fact that the data for
      those are stored in special xattrs.

       --no-acls
      This  option  causes  tar not  to store each file's ACLs in the
      archive and not to extract any ACL information in an archive.

       --no-selinux
      this option causes tar not to store each file's SELinux security
      context  information  in the  archive  and  not to extract any
      SELinux information in an archive.

       --no-xattrs
      this option  causes  tar not  to store each  file's  extended
      attributes  in  the  archive  and not  to  extract any extended
      attributes in an archive. This option also enables --no-acls and
      --no-selinux if they haven't been set already.

       -R, --record-number
      show record number within archive with each message

       --record-size SIZE
      use SIZE bytes per record when accessing archives

       --recursion
      recurse into directories

       --recursive-unlink
      remove existing directories before extracting directories of the
      same name

       --remove-files
      remove files after adding them to the archive

       --rmt-command CMD
      use CMD instead of the default /usr/sbin/rmt

       --rsh-command CMD
      use remote CMD instead of rsh(1)

       -s, --same-order, --preserve-order
      list of names to extract is sorted to match archive

       -S, --sparse
      handle sparse files efficiently

       --same-owner
      create extracted files with the same ownership

       --show-defaults
      display the default options used by tar

       --show-omitted-dirs
      print directories tar skips while operating on an archive

       --strip-components NUMBER, --strip-path NUMBER
      strip NUMBER  of leading components  from  file names before
      extraction

      (1) tar-1.14 uses --strip-path, tar-1.14.90+ uses --strip-compo-
      nents

       --suffix SUFFIX
      use SUFFIX instead of default '~' when backing up files

       -T, --files-from F
      get names to extract or create from file F

       --totals
      print total bytes written with --create

       -U, --unlink-first
      remove existing files before extracting files of the same name

       --use-compress-program PROG
      access the archive through PROG which is generally a compression
      program

       --utc  display file modification dates in UTC

       -v, --verbose
      verbosely list files processed

       -V, --label NAME
      create archive with volume name NAME

       --version
      print tar program version number

       --volno-file F
      keep track of which volume of a multi-volume archive its working
      in FILE; used with --multi-volume

       -w, --interactive, --confirmation
      ask for confirmation for every action

       -W, --verify
      attempt to verify the archive after writing it

       --wildcards
      use wildcards with --exclude

       --wildcards-match-slash
      wildcards match slashes (/) with --exclude

       --exclude PATTERN
      exclude files based upon PATTERN

       -X, --exclude-from FILE
      exclude files listed in FILE

       -Z, --compress, --uncompress
      filter the archive through compress

       -z, --gzip, --gunzip, --ungzip
      filter the archive through gzip

       --use-compress-program PROG
      filter the archive through PROG (which must accept -d)

       -[0-7][lmh]
      specify drive and density

BUGS


       The GNU folks, in general, abhor man pages, and create  info  documents
       instead.   The  maintainer  of tar falls into this category.  Thus this
       man page may not be complete, nor current, and was included in the  Red
       Hat  CVS tree because man is a great tool :).  This man page was first
       taken from Debian Linux and has since been loving updated here.

REPORTING BUGS


       Please report bugs via https://bugzilla.redhat.com

SEE ALSO


       The full documentation for tar is maintained as a Texinfo  manual.   If
       the info and tar programs are properly installed at your site, the com-
       mand

      info tar

       should give you access to the complete manual.

AUTHORS


       Debian Linux http://www.debian.org/
       Mike Frysinger <vapier@gentoo.org>

'개발 > Linux' 카테고리의 다른 글

전처리문 - #ifdef AND ...  (0) 2011.08.17
pthread_cond_wait, pthread_cond_signal  (0) 2011.08.17
tar compress/decompress  (0) 2011.08.08
커널 코딩시 디버깅 팁  (0) 2011.08.08
iptalbes(8) - Linux man page  (0) 2011.08.08
LINUX KERNEL 2.6 기준 SIGNAL 목록  (0) 2011.08.08
댓글
댓글쓰기 폼